self compacting concrete

Self compacting concrete Civil Engineering project

Civil Concrete Engineering

Self compacting concrete was first developed 1988 in order to achieve durable concrete structures. Since then, various investigations have been carried out and the concrete has been used in practical structures in Japan, mainly by large construction companies. Investigations for establishing a rational mix-design method and self-compact ability testing methods have been carried out to make the concrete the standard one.

self compacting concrete
self compacting concrete

For several years beginning in 1983, the problem of the durability of concrete structures was a major topic of interest in Japan. To make durable concrete structures, sufficient compaction by skilled workers is required. However, the gradual reduction in the number of skilled workers in Japan’s construction industry has led to a similar reduction in the quality of construction work. One solution for the achievement of durable concrete structures independent of the quality of construction work is the employment of selfcompacting concrete, which can be compacted into every corner of a formwork, purely by means of its own weight and without the need for vibrating compaction. The necessity of this type of concrete was proposed by Okamura in 1986. Studies to develop selfcompacting concrete, including a fundamental study on the workability of concrete, have been carried out by Ozawa and Maekawa at the University of Tokyo.
The prototype of self-compacting concrete was first completed in 1988 using materials already on the market. The prototype performed satisfactorily with regard to drying and hardening shrinkage, heat of hydration,  denseness after hardening, and other properties. This concrete was named ―High Performance Concrete. At almost the same time, ―High Performance Concrete‖ was defined as a concrete with high durability due to low water-cement ratio by Professor Aitcin ET. Al. Since then, the term high performance concrete has been used around the world to refer to high durability concrete. Therefore, Okamura has changed the term for our proposed concrete to ―Self Compacting High Performance Concrete.

Self Compacting Objective

 The main objective is to replace cement in self-compacting with rice husk ash to reduce the consumption of the material.
 To check out the material properties of SCC ingredient for the compatibility of the material including rice husk ash.
 Filling, passing, viscosity and resistance to segregation will be check out of SCC in vcorporate with the optimum content of RHA with different water/binder ratio
 to prepare Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC), which flows under its own weight and does not require any external vibration for compaction
 to conduct test for determine compressive and tensile strength of self compacting concrete.

Advantage of self compacting concrete.

 Reduction in manpower at the site for work.
 To do construction work faster.
 To provide better finishing and easier placing.
 To provide greater freedom in design and improved durability.
 To place concrete between two congested bar
 To improved flowing ability of concrete.
 Easily pumping.

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